Kinetic Energy Penetrator Gun

What is Muzzle Energy? Muzzle energy is the kinetic energy of a pellet or bb as it is expelled from the muzzle of a air gun. It would be a reasonable penetrator, but wouldn't be causing the massive explosion of a tonne of TNT. If the armor is defeated, the heat and spalling (particle spray) generated by the penetrator going through the armor, and the pressure wave that would develop, ideally destroys the target. Like a bullet, this ammunition does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. the muzzle). Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Aerodynamics Range Facility. Artillery. You can click on the image for a. Finally, the gun required large quantities of Tungsten, which for Germany was a scarce material. What is the abbreviation for Kinetic Energy Penetrator? What does KEP stand for? KEP abbreviation stands for Kinetic Energy Penetrator. Kinetic Energy Purpose: This cartridge is used in a direct fire, anti-armor role and is specifically designed for long-range tank engagement. The 105mm C76A1 Kinetic Energy (KE) cartridge, used in a direct fire, anti-armor role and is specifically designed for long-range tank engagement, is made up of two major elements, the projectile assembly and the cartridge. An Evolutionary Method for Kinetic Energy Ammunition Optimization Published on Sep 8, 2015 A research is being carried on to optimise long rod penetrators used in kinetic energy munitions. The modern KE weapon maximizes KE and minimizes the area over which it is delivered by: being fired with a very high muzzle velocity. It consists of a fin stabilized subprojectile with a six bladed aluminum fin, a tracer assembly attached to the rear of the fin and a depleted. The penetrator is composed of two tungsten alloy pieces connected by. An engineering model on mass abrasion of kinetic energy penetrator is presented to predict the nose shape and mass loss of the residual projectile after high-speed penetration into concrete. But the difference with kinetic energy projectiles is that the warhead arrives at the target moving very, very fast — the energy is there to propel those fragments without the use of a chemical. m829 120mm, apfsds-t The 120mm M829 Armor Piercing, Fin Stabilized, Discarding Sabot-Tracer(APFSDS-T), cartridge is a US developed kinetic energy (KE) armor defeating round. The 105mm kinetic energy rounds consist of three models, M774, M833, and M900. Tungsten kinetic energy penetrator (also known as a KE weapon) is a type of ammunition that, like a bullet, does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. 220 Swift and. Only little of the energy of the KE penetrator is absorbed by the target. You can click on the image for a. The penetrator is part of that system, so there is some small dependency of the velocity on the other penetrator characteristics such as mass and geometry. Such type of segmented penetration phenomena was not presented earlier. The ballistic performance of kinetic energy (KE) penetrators at very high impact velocities (>2. Although the M829A3 fired from the 44-caliber M256 gun has a lower muzzle velocity than 120 mm shells fired from the Rheinmetall 55-caliber gun barrel or Russian 2A46 125 mm gun ammunition, it uses a larger penetrator with increased mass to increase imparted kinetic energy. In consequence, most of the kinetic energy imparted to an APHC projectile is concentrated in the sub-calibre core and hence on a smaller area of the target. The principle of the kinetic energy penetrator is that it uses its kinetic energy, which is a function of mass and velocity, to force its way through armour. LearnAboutGuns. org It appears that modifications to the round, gun or other factors, which are unconnected to the choice of. A tank gun is the main armament of a tank. The numerical analyses of the segmented penetrator of the new design are presented in this paper. Although DU appears to be the most effective material, it is quite possible to achieve similar improvements in performance by other means. A variety of rounds have been developed for Rheinmetall's tank gun. Like a bullet, this ammunition does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. This is a case where the question being asked is not exactly the question that the OP wants answered. The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by. " The Penetrator -- the projectile component which provides the kinetic energy armor defeat. What is the abbreviation for Kinetic Energy Penetrator? What does KEP stand for? KEP abbreviation stands for Kinetic Energy Penetrator. Nuclear ammunition was made for the 16" guns, but never used. The 105mm C76A1 Kinetic Energy (KE) cartridge, used in a direct fire, anti-armor role and is specifically designed for long-range tank engagement, is made up of two major elements, the projectile assembly and the cartridge. Looking at this more deeply you realize that much more of the gunpowder energy was transferred to the bullet than the gun, in the form of kinetic energy. A kinetic energy penetrator, long-rod penetrator, or APFSDS (Armour Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot) is a type of ammunition which, like a bullet, does not contain explosives, but uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. The Kinetic Energy (KE) equation in Physics works for baseballs, arrows, rockets, asteroids - and pellets. The KE rounds use a high length over diameter ratio subcaliber projectile with a depleted uranium (DU) fin-stabilized rod as the penetrator element. It dumps more of it's energy into the target in a shorter time frame than the 9mm, which goes faster and is lighter and smaller. But the APFSDS is a "kinetic energy penetrator. Int J Impact Engnq Vol 12, No. A kinetic bombardment or a kinetic orbital strike is the hypothetical act of attacking a planetary surface with an inert projectile, where the destructive force comes from the kinetic energy of the projectile impacting at very high speeds. During 25th ISB in China a poster was presented with a conception of segmented kinetic energy penetrators for tank guns. RABERN Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, U. For APDS rounds and the like, the conversion takes place in the chamber of the gun, where the chemical energy of the propellant is turned into the kinetic energy of the round. It is up to you to determine the compatibility of any ammo with your particular pistols. We ensure our products set the bar for quality craftsmanship, reliability, relevance and performance. The effective base pressure acting on the kinetic energy tank projectile is thus typically only 2/3 of the maximum chamber pressure. It's kind of an apples and apple sauce discussion. In consequence, most of the kinetic energy imparted to an APHC projectile is concentrated in the sub-calibre core and hence on a smaller area of the target. It consists of a fin stabilized subprojectile with a six bladed aluminum fin, a tracer assembly attached to the rear of the fin and a depleted uranium (DU) penetrator with. Novel Kinetic Energy Penetrators (NKEPs) that are engineered to take advantage of the higher launch velocity mitigate this problem by reducing the required launch mass and thus launch energy. Muzzle velocities range from approximately 120 m/s (390 ft/s) to 370 m/s (1,200 ft/s) in black powder muskets, to more than 1,200 m/s (3,900 ft/s) in modern rifles with high-performance cartridges such as the. Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot (APFSDS) is a type of kinetic energy penetrator ammunition used to attack modern vehicle armour. The best you can hope (if your APS even have time to react) is for the APS to degrade a small portion of the KEP kinetic energy and let your Armor to handle the rest. Body armor protects against kinetic energy weapons that seek to deliver fatal wounds against friendly troops. The concept of kinetic-energy weapons has been around ever since the RAND Corporation proposed placing rods on the tips of ICBMs in the 1950s; the satellite twist was popularized by sci-fi writer. Odermatt (2) (1) Swiss Federal Armament Works, CH-3602 Thun, Switzerland (2) Defence Technology and Procurement Agency, Ballistics Division, CH-3602 Thun, Switzerland The following systems analysis gives the functional relation. , mass and velocity of projectile) and the hardness of aggregate of concrete. A kinetic energy penetrator is a type of ammunition which, like a bullet, does not contain explosives and instead uses kinetic energy to penetrate the particular target. The penetrator is part of that system, so there is some small dependency of the velocity on the other penetrator characteristics such as mass and geometry. The American 105mm rifled gun fired a penetrator almost the same size as the American 120mm gun, albeit at a lower muzzle velocity. This educational and amusing project is very simple to build (it only takes a few minutes), is is very simple to understand and explain, and yet fascinating to watch and to use. Kinetic-Energy Penetrators Weapons designed to penetrate armor generally fall into two classes:kinetic- energy penetrators and chemical-energy penetrators. Firstly: kinetic penetrators aren't all called APFSDS and not all kinetic penetrators utilize sabots. 45 Auto has a clear edge. Elmet is the only US owned and operated fully integrated producer of tungsten and molybdenum sintered, drawn and swaged rod products which are critical for the production and machining of advanced kinetic energy penetrators. The 105mm kinetic energy rounds consist of three models, M774, M833, and M900. Kinetic Energy Purpose: This cartridge is used in a direct fire, anti-armor role and is specifically designed for long-range tank engagement. The launching is achieved by mechanically coupling the penetrator to a sabot, which fits the gun tube. This educational and amusing project is very simple to build (it only takes a few minutes), is is very simple to understand and explain, and yet fascinating to watch and to use. Tungsten kinetic energy penetrator (also known as a KE weapon) is a type of ammunition that, like a bullet, does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. A gun with ordinary, non-exploding bullets would be one example of a kinetic energy weapon. Although the M829A3 fired from the 44-caliber M256 gun has a lower muzzle velocity than 120 mm shells fired from the Rheinmetall 55-caliber gun barrel or Russian 2A46 125 mm gun ammunition, it uses a larger penetrator with increased mass to increase imparted kinetic energy. If the armor is defeated, the heat and spalling (particle spray) generated by the penetrator going through the armor, and the pressure wave that would develop, ideally destroys the target. A 16" gun could take out a warehouse, not because it had muzzle velocity, but because it was a big bomb. 5% tungsten alloy was again selected from all avallable candidate materials. In consequence, most of the kinetic energy imparted to an APHC projectile is concentrated in the sub-calibre core and hence on a smaller area of the target. It was developed by Avco (now Textron Systems) in the mid-1980s under a U. Armour Piercing (AP) Armour Piercing is a basic solid steel shot which is entirely reliant on kinetic energy to penetrate and deal damage. CHAPTER THREE Introduction to Kinetic Energy Projectile The history of kinetic energy penetrators fired from large-caliber guns goes all the way from cannon balls to the modem saboted long rods made of high-density metal. whereby the kinetic energy penetrator assembly can be launched from a barrel bore by expanding gases in the barrel bore aft of the pusher plate, and the propellant charge can be ignited after the penetrator assembly leaves the gun barrel. 3, pp 445-457, 1992 0734 743X/92 $500 + 0. All structured data from the main, Property, Lexeme, and EntitySchema namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; text in the other namespaces is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. A method to increase the penetration of kinetic energy penetrating weapons designed to engage hardened and hardened deeply buried targets. A kinetic energy penetrator (KEP, KE weapon, long-rod penetrator or LRP) is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate vehicle armour. While the current goal is a 120 mm round to fit future and existing guns, the technology could potentially boost the velocity and increase the lethality of smaller rounds to support development of. Since the mass of the bullet is much less than that of the shooter there is more kinetic energy transferred to the bullet than to the shooter. 105mm Anti-tank, Kinetic Energy Projectile. Aeroballistic tests of candidate penetrator designs for the Cannon Caliber Electromagnetic Gun Program were performed at the U. Remember to press that like button and subscribe to the channel for more over the edge innovative things!. This is an Armor Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot (APFSDS) round. (Received 12 September 1991 ; in ret:ised form 3 February 1992) Summary--Three. This, together with the high hardness of the core, leads to greater armour penetration than that achieved with full calibre AP projectiles fired from the same gun. High muzzle velocity is achieved by using a projectile with a low mass and large base area in the gun barrel. The difference is WHERE the conversion of chemical energy to kinetic energy takes place. Picatlnny Arsenal responded to this tasking by utilizing the technology gained in the 152nwn Program - specifically the subpEojectile - and adapting it to the 105nnn Gun by means of a saddle sabot. Muzzle energy is the energy calculated right when the projectile just leaves the gun barrel at the muzzle. They have a velocity of nearly 6000 fps, which is the main contributor to their high energy. Energy Kinetics' commercial and residential boilers are high quality and backed by the industry's best warranty. bandepleteduranium. The Compact Kinetic Energy Missile (CKEM) was a developmental program to produce a hypersonic anti-tank guided missile for the U. If the armor is defeated, the heat and spalling (particle spray) generated by the penetrator going through the armor, and the pressure wave that would develop, ideally destroys the target. Unlike HEAT round, you can't explode a KEP using a metal splinters. deforming the bullet and target). However, a new. This is a case where the question being asked is not exactly the question that the OP wants answered. A variety of rounds have been developed for Rheinmetall's tank gun. You have hit on one of the big debates about guns for Main Battle Tanks. A projectile that does not contain an explosive charge or any other kind of charge is termed a kinetic projectile, kinetic energy weapon, kinetic energy warhead, kinetic warhead or kinetic penetrator. A kinetic energy penetrator, long-rod penetrator, or APFSDS (Armour Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot) is a type of ammunition which, like a bullet, does not contain explosives, but uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. The development of the modern KE penetrator combines two aspects of artillery design; high muzzle velocity and concentrated. A tank gun is the main armament of a tank. Body armor can also be a Maginot Line, bypassed and made irrelevant. Firstly: kinetic penetrators aren't all called APFSDS and not all kinetic penetrators utilize sabots. Since the mass of the bullet is much less than that of the shooter there is more kinetic energy transferred to the bullet than to the shooter. If the armor is defeated, the heat and spalling (particle spray) generated by the penetrator going through the armor, and the pressure wave that would develop, would destroy the target. Additionally, pyrophoric penetrators like. The concept originated during the Cold War. There's very little difference in the kinetic energy figures, but from the momentum standpoint the. The numerical analyses of the segmented penetrator of the new design are presented in this paper. Kinetic Energy Penetrator 2&. gun application, where the charge to mass ratio is approximately one this correction is respectably accurate and generally conservative when compared to the existing experimental data. Yes, a hit from a S-G shell would obliterate any MBT due to the sheer amount of energy involved. Kinetic Energy Penetrators for Tank Guns1 mented penetration," where applied penetrator is composed of two tungsten alloy pieces connected by a screwed steel muff, is presented in this paper. A kinetic bombardment or a kinetic orbital strike is the hypothetical act of attacking a planetary surface with an inert projectile, where the destructive force comes from the kinetic energy of the projectile impacting at very high speeds. The 120mm M829 Armor Piercing, Fin Stabilized, Discarding Sabot-Tracer(APFSDS-T), cartridge is a US developed kinetic energy (KE) armor defeating round. notexactly , Mar 21 2015. A 16" gun could take out a warehouse, not because it had muzzle velocity, but because it was a big bomb. For this reason the rear segment can hit the front segment to give it some additional kinetic energy, enhancing the penetration depth. Only little of the energy of the KE penetrator is absorbed by the target. Velocity - striking the right balance is important A rather contentious issue in the area of self defense is that of proper bullet weight/velocity - I would guess that this is second only to the " which caliber " or " which gun " question. Looking at this more deeply you realize that much more of the gunpowder energy was transferred to the bullet than the gun, in the form of kinetic energy. Start SAVING on your FUEL BILL with the leading energy efficient gas and oil boiler and hot water system. Alternatively, a kinetic energy weapon could be a missile or other heavy object hurled from space, as. [0057] Testing of kinetic energy penetrators in water to verify the ability to generate hydrodynamic cavities and to verify that the drag of the penetrator in penetrating water is determined by the forward nose geometry was accomplished in 20 mm powder gun firings into an 18-foot-long water tank. The principle of the kinetic energy penetrator is that it uses its kinetic energy, which is a function of mass and velocity, to force its way through armour. Aeroballistic tests of candidate penetrator designs for the Cannon Caliber Electromagnetic Gun Program were performed at the U. Elmet is the only US owned and operated fully integrated producer of tungsten and molybdenum sintered, drawn and swaged rod products which are critical for the production and machining of advanced kinetic energy penetrators. Kinetic Energy Penetrator 2&. The disclosed system, device and method for guiding a hypersonic kinetic penetrator projectile ( 300 ) generally includes a kinetic penetrator body ( 110, 230 ) and a slip-over electronic guidance unit ( 120, 220 ), where the kinetic penetrator body slidably mounts through the slip-over electronic guidance unit. The M865 cartridge is a kinetic energy, target practice round for use with the 120mm smoothbore M256 cannon. As an armament for main battle tanks, it succeeds armour-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) ammunition, which is still used in small or medium caliber weapon systems. Like a bullet, this ammunition does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. During 25th ISB in China a poster was presented with a conception of segmented kinetic energy penetrators for tank guns. Penetration of Metallic Plates by Kinetic in the eroding or s o called non-rigid penetrator m odel, initial kinetic energy is. This fourth generation KE projectile is capable of penetrating the frontal slope of all fielded armor systems. Such type of segmented penetration phenomena was not presented earlier. Exotic Weapons by Slot Kinetic. The Compact Kinetic Energy Missile (CKEM) was a developmental program to produce a hypersonic anti-tank guided missile for the U. In compressing the spring in a toy dart gun, 0. But the bullet has much more kinetic energy than the gun. The spring has spring constant k = 667N/m. Odermatt (2) (1) Swiss Federal Armament Works, CH-3602 Thun, Switzerland (2) Defence Technology and Procurement Agency, Ballistics Division, CH-3602 Thun, Switzerland The following systems analysis gives the functional relation. Fin stabilized kinetic energy penetrator projectiles, such as the M774, have occasionally suffered from severe reduction in fin span due to inbore heating, inflight aerodynamic heating, or a. Int J Impact Engnq Vol 12, No. Each individual liner forms a separate penetrator, so that the liners are. notexactly , Mar 21 2015. The application of SPH techniques in AUTODYN-2D to kinetic energy penetrator impacts on multi-layered soil and concrete targets Article (PDF Available) · January 1997 with 1,714 Reads How we. All structured data from the main, Property, Lexeme, and EntitySchema namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; text in the other namespaces is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. For this reason the rear segment can hit the front segment to give it some additional kinetic energy, enhancing the penetration depth. Finally, the gun required large quantities of Tungsten, which for Germany was a scarce material. A plus here is that the chobham ceramics are jostled by the penetrator's or shaped charge stream's passage and keep abrading until the attack runs out of energy. Kinetic Energy Penetrators. Body armor protects against kinetic energy weapons that seek to deliver fatal wounds against friendly troops. This approach proposes that initial kinetic energy of penetrator is consumed for elastic deformations on target, plastic deformations of target and heat energy created at both materials. A 1 gram weight is moving at 1000 m/s Would a 2 gram weight need to move at 250 m/s or 500 m/s to have the same kinetic energy? I'm guessing 250 m/s. The development of the modern KE penetrator combines two aspects of artillery design; high muzzle velocity and concentrated. The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by. Projectiles, Kinetic/Muzzle Energy and Stopping Power Posted by warren on 23 January 2013, 6:13 pm When bad guys are shot in Hollywood movies, they fly backward from the force of the shot and are immediately disabled. Depleted-uranium penetrators have the advantage of being pyrophoric and self-sharpening on impact, resulting in intense heat and energy focused on a minimal area of. This is a case where the question being asked is not exactly the question that the OP wants answered. It's the same equation for all, and has nothing to do with the speed of sound. During 25th ISB in China a poster was presented with a conception of segmented kinetic energy penetrators for tank guns. The results of a combined analytical/experimental design of a high-explosive velocity augmented kinetic energy penetrator are presented. The propellant system. The term can. In fact, even many civilians do!. It is our mission at Kinetic to design and manufacture innovative small-arms accessories and complete systems utilizing the latest materials and fabrication technologies. Poland has introduced a series of projectiles for Rheinmetall's tank gun, including an armor-piercing penetrator target practice round (APFSDS-T-TP), a high-explosive round, and a high-explosive target practice (HE-TP) projectile. which states that the penetration depth of a kinetic energy penetrator is. The theoretical advantage of this type of a futuristic weapon is that the velocity of the projectile is not limited by the burning rate of a chemical propellant used by traditional kinetic weapons (firearms). It's a dense solid metal dart travelling at 8 times the speed of sound. The objective of the analysis is the design of a velocity augmentor and main charge case. A kinetic energy penetrator (KEP, KE weapon, long-rod penetrator or LRP) is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate vehicle armour. Changes in penetrator technology have occurred primarily. A subcaliber kinetic energy penetrator has first and second portions formed of dense material and secured to each other. A method to increase the penetration of kinetic energy penetrating weapons designed to engage hardened and hardened deeply buried targets. Yes, a hit from a S-G shell would obliterate any MBT due to the sheer amount of energy involved. This is an Armor Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot (APFSDS) round. energy climbs too high. Like a bullet, this ammunition does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. Kinetic Energy Purpose: This cartridge is used in a direct fire, anti-armor role and is specifically designed for long-range tank engagement. This is the formula for kinetic (moving) energy and is calculated as K. Remember to press that like button and subscribe to the channel for more over the edge innovative things!. Kinetic Energy Penetrator The kinetic energy penetrator is designed to deliver a CL-208 high explosive warhead with the ability to generate up to 450 kbars of detonation pressure, an intermetallic incendiary warhead capable of generating 3700°C firestorms, flechette warheads capable of penetrating many. ,)re diameter, and which is. Although the M829A3 fired from the 44-caliber M256 gun has a lower muzzle velocity than 120 mm shells fired from the Rheinmetall 55-caliber gun barrel or Russian 2A46 125 mm gun ammunition, it uses a larger penetrator with increased mass to increase imparted kinetic energy. You have hit on one of the big debates about guns for Main Battle Tanks. The principle of the kinetic energy penetrator is that it uses its kinetic energy, which is a function of mass and velocity, to force its way through armour. Description: The C76A1 (FP105) cartridge is made up of two major elements, the projectile assembly and the cartridge. The kinetic energy is diverted laterally from the initial penatrator direction of attack as the ceramics shatter. Body armor protects against kinetic energy weapons that seek to deliver fatal wounds against friendly troops. For this reason the rear segment can hit the front segment to give it some additional kinetic energy, enhancing the penetration depth. The modern KE weapon maximizes KE and minimizes the area over which it is delivered by: being fired with a very high muzzle velocity. The principle of the kinetic energy penetrator is that it uses its kinetic energy, which is a function of its mass and velocity, to force its way through armor. If the armor is defeated, the heat and spalling (particle spray) generated by the penetrator going through the armor, and the pressure wave that would develop, would destroy the target. The concept originated during the Cold War. A method of making a subcaliber kinetic energy projectile includes the following consecutive steps: friction-welding a light-metal blank to a frontal end face of a tungsten heavy metal penetrator core, wherein the blank is overdimensioned relative to the penetrator core; and forming a conical projectile tip from the blank. whereby the kinetic energy penetrator assembly can be launched from a barrel bore by expanding gases in the barrel bore aft of the pusher plate, and the propellant charge can be ignited after the penetrator assembly leaves the gun barrel. Like a bullet, this ammunition does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. What is Muzzle Energy? Muzzle energy is the kinetic energy of a pellet or bb as it is expelled from the muzzle of a air gun. Velocity - striking the right balance is important A rather contentious issue in the area of self defense is that of proper bullet weight/velocity - I would guess that this is second only to the " which caliber " or " which gun " question. It is our mission at Kinetic to design and manufacture innovative small-arms accessories and complete systems utilizing the latest materials and fabrication technologies. Although the M829A3 fired from the 44-caliber M256 gun has a lower muzzle velocity than 120 mm shells fired from the Rheinmetall 55-caliber gun barrel or Russian 2A46 125 mm gun ammunition, it uses a larger penetrator with increased mass to increase imparted kinetic energy. Such type of segmented penetration phenomena was not presented earlier. The effective base pressure acting on the kinetic energy tank projectile is thus typically only 2/3 of the maximum chamber pressure. Fragments are shaped to have enough kinetic energy to penetrate body armor. 50kg straight up in the air, as shown in the figure. To maximize the amount of kinetic energy released on the target, the penetrator must be made of a dense material, such as tungsten carbide or "DEPLETED URANIUM“ alloy (Staballoy). Odermatt (2) (1) Swiss Federal Armament Works, CH-3602 Thun, Switzerland (2) Defence Technology and Procurement Agency, Ballistics Division, CH-3602 Thun, Switzerland The following systems analysis gives the functional relation. Yes, a hit from a S-G shell would obliterate any MBT due to the sheer amount of energy involved. For one, at roughly 5 to 9 thousand USD per piece, it was to be relatively cheap, at least compared to the Maverick (which did cost over 200. org It appears that modifications to the round, gun or other factors, which are unconnected to the choice of. Kinetic Energy Purpose: This cartridge is used in a direct fire, anti-armor role and is specifically designed for long-range tank engagement. Armour Piercing (AP) Armour Piercing is a basic solid steel shot which is entirely reliant on kinetic energy to penetrate and deal damage. Like a bullet, this ammunition does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. The term can apply to any type of armour-piercing shot but typically refers to a modern type of armour piercing. Early GIAT promo explaining the design and function of Armor Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot ammunition along with some slow motion impacts of Tungsten cored 120mm APFSDS versus. A kinetic energy penetrator (also known as a KE weapon) is a type of ammunition which, like a bullet, does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. Int J Impact Engnq Vol 12, No. A 1 gram weight is moving at 1000 m/s Would a 2 gram weight need to move at 250 m/s or 500 m/s to have the same kinetic energy? I'm guessing 250 m/s. As an armament for main battle tanks, it succeeds armour-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) ammunition, which is still used in small or medium calibre. A kinetic energy penetrator is a type of ammunition which, like a bullet, does not contain explosives and instead uses kinetic energy to penetrate the particular target. The projectile assembly consists of both a ballistic sub-projectile and parasitic hardware. A kinetic energy penetrator (KEP, KE weapon, long-rod penetrator or LRP) is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate vehicle armour. There are two major difference between Western and Russian Kinetic Energy (KE) Penetrator rounds: (a) While the former is unitary or single piece, the latter is two-piece round. The modern KE weapon maximizes KE and minimizes the area over which it is delivered by: being fired with a very high muzzle velocity. Over the past 5 years, Liquidmetal Technologies has been awarded 5 DoD research contracts (completed 2 and 3in-progress) to develop Liquidmetal BMG for Kinetic Energy Penetrator (KEP) applications. For this reason the rear segment can hit the front segment to give it some additional kinetic energy, enhancing the penetration depth. As an armament for main battle tanks, it succeeds armour-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) ammunition, which is still used in small or medium caliber weapon systems. The difference is WHERE the conversion of chemical energy to kinetic energy takes place. The principle of the kinetic energy penetrator is that it uses its kinetic energy, which is a function of mass and velocity, to force its way through armour. An ammunition system for use with a weapon having a chamber and a barrel extending from the chamber to a muzzle, the system comprising: a subcaliber kinetic energy penetrator having a penetrator mass and extending along a longitudinal axis and comprising: an elongate body having fore and aft ends; and a plurality of stabilizing fins projecting. deforming the bullet and target). The KE rounds use a high length over diameter ratio subcaliber projectile with a depleted uranium (DU) fin-stabilized rod as the penetrator element. Body armor protects against kinetic energy weapons that seek to deliver fatal wounds against friendly troops. I am curioushow much energy in ft lbs is necessary for a thru the shoulder, heart/lung shot with a white tail deer. Air Force contract. Originally designated the 120+, the GD-OTS 120mm KE-W provides a high-performance. notexactly , Mar 21 2015. Exotic Weapons are powerful pieces of equipment that feature unique abilities. A hypervelocity kinetic energy projectile has multiple penetrator stages gitudinally stacked one onto the other which separate and fly independently of one another during the projectile's flight. 3, pp 445-457, 1992 0734 743X/92 $500 + 0. A kinetic energy penetrator, or KE penetrator, is a projectile weapon that does not explode, but rather damages its target by slamming into it at high speeds. The numerical analyses of the segmented penetrator of the new design are presented in this paper. Elmet is the only US owned and operated fully integrated producer of tungsten and molybdenum sintered, drawn and swaged rod products which are critical for the production and machining of advanced kinetic energy penetrators. This second generation kinetic energy projectile is capable of penetrating the frontal slope of all fielded armor systems and it's high technology penetrator and sabot design provides a munition. The concept utilizes a projecting nose pin on the front of the penetrator to establish a terradynamic cavity similar to hydrodynamic cavities generated when certain projectiles penetrate water at velocities sufficient to penetrate in a supercavitation mode. Tungsten kinetic energy penetrator (also known as a KE weapon) is a type of ammunition that, like a bullet, does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. The US military Rail Gun program is expected to start sea trials in 2016 the worst nightmare of the Russian military may be deployed in the near future. Picatlnny Arsenal responded to this tasking by utilizing the technology gained in the 152nwn Program - specifically the subpEojectile - and adapting it to the 105nnn Gun by means of a saddle sabot. org about the Kinetic Energy Cavity Penetrator Weapon, a novel conventional bunker buster concept developed by Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control. It is our mission at Kinetic to design and manufacture innovative small-arms accessories and complete systems utilizing the latest materials and fabrication technologies. bandepleteduranium. An Evolutionary Method for Kinetic Energy Ammunition Optimization Published on Sep 8, 2015 A research is being carried on to optimise long rod penetrators used in kinetic energy munitions. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Aerodynamics Range Facility. The concept is simple: Piezoelectricity is the charge that is produced when certain solid materials (commonly ceramic and crystal) in response to mechanical stress. 45 Auto has a clear edge. The Compact Kinetic Energy Missile (CKEM) was a developmental program to produce a hypersonic anti-tank guided missile for the U. This page was last edited on 9 January 2019, at 06:10. It consists of a fin stabilized subprojectile with a six bladed aluminum fin, a tracer assembly attached to the rear of the fin and a depleted uranium (DU) penetrator with. The modern KE weapon maximizes KE and minimizes the area over which it is delivered by: being fired with a very high muzzle velocity. , mass and velocity of projectile) and the hardness of aggregate of concrete. The penetrator configurations were designed by Kaman Sciences Corporation (KSC) under subcontract to United Defense LP. The Rail gun fires a very small 7 lb projectile, about 1/300th the mass. After penetration, the KE penetrator still has a large residual amount of kinetic energy 120 mm DM 33 KE - PELE. A method to increase the penetration of kinetic energy penetrating weapons designed to engage hardened and hardened deeply buried targets. It's a dense solid metal dart travelling at 8 times the speed of sound. Other variables determining effectiveness of kinetic energy rounds Penetrator material is only one among many variables which determine the effectiveness of a kinetic energy round. I am curioushow much energy in ft lbs is necessary for a thru the shoulder, heart/lung shot with a white tail deer. The principle of the kinetic energy penetrator is that it uses its kinetic energy, which is a function of its mass and velocity, to force its way through armor. It is our mission at Kinetic to design and manufacture innovative small-arms accessories and complete systems utilizing the latest materials and fabrication technologies. Second would be a neck shot at the base. This fourth generation KE projectile is capable of penetrating the frontal slope of all fielded armor systems. 45ACP is a bigger bullet, with more mass, and lower speed. A tank gun is the main armament of a tank. A segmented, kinetic energy projectile is formed by stacking several liners in a single warhead, for effectively producing a longer penetrator capable of greatly enhancing penetration. original proposal for the. Fragments are shaped to have enough kinetic energy to penetrate body armor. 50kg straight up in the air, as shown in the figure. A kinetic bombardment or a kinetic orbital strike is the hypothetical act of attacking a planetary surface with an inert projectile, where the destructive force comes from the kinetic energy of the projectile impacting at very high speeds. This second generation kinetic energy projectile is capable of penetrating the frontal slope of all fielded armor systems and it's high technology penetrator and sabot design provides a munition. But the difference with kinetic energy projectiles is that the warhead arrives at the target moving very, very fast — the energy is there to propel those fragments without the use of a chemical. When the gun is fired, the spring gives its potential energy to a dart with a mass of 0. Kinetic energy penetrator explained. The KE rounds use a high length over diameter ratio subcaliber projectile with a depleted uranium (DU) fin-stabilized rod as the penetrator element. The dispense system will be compatible with gun launched ammunition. The principle of the kinetic energy penetrator is that it uses its kinetic energy, which is a function of mass and velocity, to force its way through armour. Target penetration is effected strictly by the high kinetic energy of the subprojectile impacting the target. It's the same equation for all, and has nothing to do with the speed of sound. The spring has spring constant k = 667N/m. Also, smoothbore barrels can develop a higher muzzle velocity as the penetrator will have none of the energy imparted on it by the propellant turned into rotational kinetic energy by the rifling. The concept originated during the Cold War. A kinetic-energy weapon, as opposed to a chemical-energy weapon, is one that does its damage with the simple kinetic energy of the projectiles it fires. The term can apply to any type of armour-piercing shot but typically refers to a modern type of armour piercing. This version is mastered by myself (Stefan Lernout). Modern tank guns are large-caliber high-velocity guns, capable of firing kinetic energy penetrators, high explosive anti-tank rounds, and in some cases guided missiles. 0 kzn/s) has attracted increased interest from the terminal ballistics community over the past few years. A plug nozzle kinetic penetrator having the penetrator rod extending axially through the airframe structure. The modern KE weapon maximizes KE and minimizes the area over which it is delivered by: being fired with a very high muzzle velocity. The long rod design of the penetrator core, and the high den- sity of the alloys or composites employed as the core material, enable the projectile to bring a large amount of kinetic energy to bear upon a. Kinetic energy penetrator explained. The tungsten alloy subprojectiles have a sharp edge, ensuring that this tungsten military defense can inroad into the target with precise accuracy, tungsten military defense also provides the kinetic energy to destroy the electrical components, payloads or motor of the target. Only little of the energy of the KE penetrator is absorbed by the target. The program was the third in a series of projects based on kinetic energy missiles that stretches back to 1981s Vought HVM through the 1990s LOSAT and finally to. This video released in response to a FOI request provides a good overview DU firings at the MOD range in West Cumbria and measures were taken to try and reduce the amount of DU discharged to. The principle of the kinetic energy penetrator is that it uses its kinetic energy, which is a function of mass and velocity, to force its way through armour. (Through kinetic energy alone. The dispense system will be compatible with gun launched ammunition. The influence of sabot discard on electromagnetically launched kinetic energy penetrators Related Publications. 5% tungsten alloy was again selected from all avallable candidate materials. The term can apply to any type of armour-piercing shot but typically refers to a modern type of armour piercing. The effect of the kinetic energy projectile on an enemy target is achieved by the penetrator length and projectile mass and the impact velocity, and the interaction between the projectile and the target. Kinetic-Energy Penetrators Weapons designed to penetrate armor generally fall into two classes:kinetic- energy penetrators and chemical-energy penetrators. The penetrator configurations were designed by Kaman Sciences Corporation (KSC) under subcontract to United Defense LP. The numerical analyses of the segmented penetrator of the new design are presented in this paper. The concept utilizes a projecting nose pin on the front of the penetrator to establish a terradynamic cavity similar to hydrodynamic cavities generated when certain projectiles penetrate water at velocities sufficient to penetrate in a supercavitation mode. 45 loads using kinetic energy and momentum, we discover some interesting facts. The penetrator is part of that system, so there is some small dependency of the velocity on the other penetrator characteristics such as mass and geometry. It's a dense solid metal dart travelling at 8 times the speed of sound. 05 kg I tried to figure out the kinetic energy but i got myself so mixed up with the formal, I ended up getting a number in the thousands and im not quite sure thats the answer, if anyone can show me step by step on how to figure these. CHAPTER THREE Introduction to Kinetic Energy Projectile The history of kinetic energy penetrators fired from large-caliber guns goes all the way from cannon balls to the modem saboted long rods made of high-density metal. The modern KE weapon maximizes KE and minimizes the area over which it is delivered by: being fired with a very high muzzle velocity. While current kinetic energy. More forward kinetic energy imparted means higher muzzle velocity and better accuracy and armour penetration. Depleted-uranium penetrators have the advantage of being pyrophoric and self-sharpening on impact, resulting in intense heat and energy focused on a minimal area of. The principle of the kinetic energy penetrator is that it uses its kinetic energy, which is a function of mass and velocity, to force its way through armour. So would a 4 gram weight need to move at 125 m/s or 250 m/s to have the same kinetic energy? And what object (out of the 1, 2, and 4 gram weights. What is the abbreviation for Kinetic Energy Penetrator? What does KEP stand for? KEP abbreviation stands for Kinetic Energy Penetrator. The Kinetic Energy (KE) equation in Physics works for baseballs, arrows, rockets, asteroids - and pellets. A kinetic energy penetrator (also known as a KE weapon) is a type of ammunition which, like a bullet, does not contain explosives and uses kinetic energy to penetrate the target. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Aerodynamics Range Facility. The term can apply to any type of armour-piercing shot but typically refers to a modern type of armour piercing. Aeroballistic tests of candidate penetrator designs for the Cannon Caliber Electromagnetic Gun Program were performed at the U. The penetrator configurations were designed by Kaman Sciences Corporation (KSC) under subcontract to United Defense LP. I am curioushow much energy in ft lbs is necessary for a thru the shoulder, heart/lung shot with a white tail deer.